PATNA: After the new building bylaws come into force, the road width along the new building in any town in the state would decide its height and in no case, a building - residential or commercial - would be allowed to be constructed along a road that is less than six metre wide.
The strict road width condition is being enforced for the reason that buildings and apartments have come up without paying attention to provision of sufficiently wide roads besides space for the facilitation of drains, electricity and drinking water supply and easy movement of fire safety vehicles and ambulances up to the building or apartment, urban development and housing department secretary S Siddharth said.
Departing from the earlier practice, the floor area ratio (FAR) of a building or apartment has been decided on the basis of the road beside it - 0.75 FAR for 6m wide road, 1.25 for 6-9m wide road, 1.5 for 9-12m wide road, 1.75 for 12-15m wide road, 2 for 15-18m wide road, 2.25 for 18-30m wide road and 3 for roads with width of 30 metres and more. Moreover, apartments cannot be constructed on a plot of land having less than 800 square metre area.
The rules governing the development and construction of a township have also been laid down, under which such projects could be taken up only on land with minimum area of 10 hectare. There should be at least 30 metre wide roads. Finally, any building has to be constructed only 200 metres away beyond the boundary of the Ganga, or any river, as demarcated by the water resources department.
Siddharth said the new bylaws would not be applicable on buildings and apartments already existing, but all existing buildings could only be repaired, not remodelled. "They cannot be demolished for remodelling," he said.
According to him, a person willing to construct a building on a 6m wide road would have to earmark 15% of his plot along the road as "setback" to him, which would also be surrendered to the urban local bodies (ULBs) in a certificate to make necessary public work or construction regarding civic facilities, power supply and greenery. "The map of every building would be passed by a panel of architects under the ULB. The old practice of getting a building map cleared by an architect has been ended," Siddharth said.
He said specifications have also been included for the construction of community halls and other such luxury facilities, and every high-rise building or apartment would have separate space for car parking of the occupants and visitors, as well as for movement of fire safety vehicles and ambulances, among other specifications.
"Applications for approval to construct a building have to be sent online, not manually," Siddharth said.